Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that has taken the world by storm. It is a new form of currency that is not controlled by any central authority, government or financial institution. Instead, it is created and managed by a network of computers around the world. The supply of bitcoin is limited, and it works in a unique way compared to other currencies. In this article, we will explore how bitcoin supply works.
Bitcoin is a digital currency that is created through a process called mining. When a new block is added to the blockchain, miners are rewarded with a certain amount of bitcoin. The amount of bitcoin that is rewarded for mining a new block decreases over time, and this is known as the bitcoin halving.
The bitcoin halving is a process that occurs every 210,000 blocks, which is roughly every four years. When a halving occurs, the reward for mining a block is cut in half. The first halving occurred in 2012, and the reward was reduced from 50 BTC to 25 BTC. The second halving occurred in 2016, and the reward was reduced from 25 BTC to 12.5 BTC. The most recent halving occurred in May 2020, and the reward was reduced from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC.
The reason for the halving is to control the supply of bitcoin. By reducing the reward for mining a block, the rate at which new bitcoin is introduced into the market is slowed down. This helps to ensure that the total supply of bitcoin will never exceed 21 million BTC.
At the time of writing, the total supply of bitcoin is around 18.5 million BTC. This means that there are only 2.5 million BTC left to be mined. The rate at which new bitcoin is introduced into the market is slowing down, and it is estimated that the last bitcoin will be mined in the year 2140.
Once all the bitcoin has been mined, the supply will be fixed at 21 million BTC. This means that the supply of bitcoin is limited, unlike traditional currencies such as the US dollar, which can be printed at will by the Federal Reserve.
The limited supply of bitcoin has led to a lot of speculation about its future value. Some people believe that the scarcity of bitcoin will lead to an increase in its value over time, while others believe that the value of bitcoin will eventually collapse.
In conclusion, the supply of bitcoin works in a unique way compared to other currencies. It is created through a process called mining, and the reward for mining a block is reduced every 210,000 blocks. This helps to ensure that the total supply of bitcoin will never exceed 21 million BTC. The limited supply of bitcoin has led to a lot of speculation about its future value, but only time will tell how it will perform in the long run.